Oral cancer appears as a sore in the mouth that does not go away (more than three weeks).

These are the 5-year relative survival rates for oral cavity and pharyngeal cancer from the National Cancer Database for people diagnosed between 2007 and 2013.

What are the symptoms?

  • A sore throat that doesn't heal
  • A bleeding sore or sore that doesn't go away
  • A growth, lump or thickening of the skin or lining of the mouth
  • Loose teeth
  • Tongue pain
  • Jaw pain or stiffness
  • Difficult or painful chewing/swallowing
  • The development of velvety white, red, or speckled (white and red) patches in the mouth

What are the risks factors

  1. Heavy smoking or drinking
  2. Excessive sun exposure to your lips
  3. A sexually transmitted virus called human papillomavirus (HPV)
  4. A weakened immune system

What are the treatments?

  1. Surgery
  2. Radiotherapy
  3. Chemotherapy
  4. Targeted drug therapy

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