The lymphocytes are found in the lymph nodes, spleen, thymus, bone marrow, and other parts of the body.
There are 2 types of lymphoma: Non-Hodgskin (most common) and Hodgskin; they both involve different types of lymphocyte cells.
Lymphoma is very treatable, and the outlook can vary depending on the type of lymphoma and its stage.
What are the symptoms?
- Swollen glands (nymph nodes) - often in the neck, armpit, or groin that are painless
- Shortness of breath
- Night sweats
- Weight loss
What are the treatments?
The main treatments for non-Hodgskin are:
- Targeted therapy that targets aspects of lymphoma cells to curb their growth
The main treatments for Hodgkin lymphoma are:
- Radiation therapy
What are the risk factors?
- Age: Most cases occur after 60 years old.
- Chemicals and radiation: Nuclear radiation and some chemicals used in agriculture have been linked to non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
- Immunodeficiency: A person with a weak immune system is more at risk.
- Breast implants: These can cause anaplastic large cell lymphoma in the breast tissue.
- Body weight and diet: Obesity has been implicated in the development of lymphoma, although more research is needed to confirm the link.
- Infectious mononucleosis: Infection with EBV can cause mononucleosis, which increases the risk of lymphoma.
- Age: People between the ages of 20 and 30 years and people over the age of 55 years have a higher risk
- Family: If a sibling has the condition, the risk is slightly higher, and very high if the sibling is an identical twin.
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