The lymphocytes are found in the lymph nodes, spleen, thymus, bone marrow, and other parts of the body. 

There are 2 types of lymphoma: Non-Hodgskin (most common) and Hodgskin; they both involve different types of lymphocyte cells.

Lymphoma is very treatable, and the outlook can vary depending on the type of lymphoma and its stage.

What are the symptoms?

  • Swollen glands (nymph nodes) - often in the neck, armpit, or groin that are painless
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fever
  • Night sweats
  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Itching

What are the treatments?

The main treatments for non-Hodgskin are:

  1. Chemotherapy
  2. Radiotherapy
  3. Immunotherapy
  4. Targeted therapy that targets aspects of lymphoma cells to curb their growth

The main treatments for Hodgkin lymphoma are:

  1. Chemotherapy
  2. Radiation therapy
  3. Immunotherapy

What are the risk factors?

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma

  • Age: Most cases occur after 60 years old.
  • Chemicals and radiation: Nuclear radiation and some chemicals used in agriculture have been linked to non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • Immunodeficiency: A person with a weak immune system is more at risk.
  • Breast implants: These can cause anaplastic large cell lymphoma in the breast tissue.
  • Body weight and diet: Obesity has been implicated in the development of lymphoma, although more research is needed to confirm the link.

Hodgkin lymphoma

  • Infectious mononucleosis: Infection with EBV can cause mononucleosis, which increases the risk of lymphoma.
  • Age: People between the ages of 20 and 30 years and people over the age of 55 years have a higher risk
  • Men
  • Family: If a sibling has the condition, the risk is slightly higher, and very high if the sibling is an identical twin.
  • HIV

More information on:

Cancer Support Mallorca is a charity registered in Spain under number G57773749.
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