There are many types of surgery, and this will depend of the amount of tissue to be removed, the location of the tumour, the purpose of the surgery, and sometimes, what the patient prefers.
Surgery may be open or minimally invasive.
In open surgery, one large cut is made for the surgeon to remove the tumour, some healthy tissues and sometimes some nearby lymph nodes.
In minimally invasive surgery, several small cuts are made to insert a camera (called laparoscope) that will allow the surgeon to see what he's doing on a monitor and to remove the cancerous tissues with special tools.
As only small cuts are made, this type of surgery is easier to recover from than an open surgery.
There are some risks that include after-surgery pain and/or infection.
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